laws protecting coral reefs in the philippines

Likewise, any person gathering, harvesting, collecting and/or exporting ordinary corals in violation of Sec. Licuanan and Gomez, Philippine Coral Reefs, Reef Fishes, and Associated Fisheries, p. 16. We appreciate your reactions and comments. Songco also has the law on her side. We hope you will find the information helpful. Gomez, Philippine Coral Reefs, Reef Fishes, and Associated Fisheries: Status and Recommendations To Improve Their Management (Cape Ferguson: Australian Institute of Marine Science, 2000), p. 4; coral data from Wilkinson, Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2000, p. 120. Philippine Coral Reefs Under Threat: Lessons Learned After 25 Years of Community-Based Reef Conservation. Preface The Atlas of Philippine Coral Reefs is part of a continuing series of updates on the state of reefs in the Philippines. Some ingredients in sunscreen can be harmful to or even kill corals. We work to protect the world’s coral reefs from the effects of climate change and other human activity. 2. Definition of Terms. Since the colonisation of the Philippines in the 16th century, the agrarian system has been characterised by a growing concentration of land ownership. PROVIDING FOR THE EXPLORATION, EXPLOITATION, UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION OF CORAL RESOURCES. c. EXPLORATION the preliminary surveys and random sampling within a concession area. Coastal development, agriculture, aquaculture, and land-cover change threaten many Philippine coral reefs. Special Permit. ii. Sec. The Philippine Coral Reefs: A Natural History Guide, 2nd edition. Concession The exploration, exploitation and utilization of precious and semi-precious coral resources may be made only upon the award of a concession by the Secretary of Natural Resources. The Philippine government has actively encouraged local management of reefs, and there have been some outstanding success stories. Gomez, "Coral Reef Ecosystems and Resources of the Philippines," Canopy International 16, 5 (1991): 1, 6-7, 10-12. They found only 4 percent of Philippine reefs in excellent condition (i.e., over 75 percent hard or soft coral cover), 28 percent in good condition (50-75 percent coral cover), 42 percent in fair condition (25-50 percent coral cover), and 27 percent in poor condition (less than 25 percent coral cover). Periodically Go Green organizes volunteer activities focused on protecting coral reefs near the Dressel Divers bases. Volunteering to protect coral reefs. By Gregorio Rafael P. Bueta - Philippine jurisprudence on the environment has been on a steady pace of development since the 70’s and 80’s. 6. The Philippines has prohibited fishing in Tubbataha, and in partnership with UNESCO, the country recently secured extra protections for the reef … 8. : All Rights Reserved ReDiaz www.chanrobles.com. document.write("1998 - "+yr); The first ever mass-bleaching event in the Philippines was reported in 1998-99. Protecting Coral Reefs 186 IV. Government agencies managing coral reefs in the Philippines are generally understaffed and insufficiently funded for effective management and monitoring of coral reefs. The Philippine coral-reef system is the second largest in Southeast Asia, next to Indonesia. M.F.B. Penalties any person gathering precious or semi-precious corals without an awarded concession shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment of not less than sixty (60) days or more than six (6) years or a fine of not less than Six Thousand (P6,000.00) Pesos, or both at the discretion of the court. e. UTILIZATION all operations involved in the manufacture, processing or conversion of raw corals into finished products. As used in this Decree, the following terms are defined as follows: a. In addition, coastal development pressures threaten over 40 percent of Philippine reefs, and about 35 percent of reefs are under pressure from sedimentation and pollution associated with land-use changes. 2001. For more information, visit Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia. Several of the unique coral reef systems in the Philippines have been placed under the protection of international treaties, such as the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance and the United Nations World Heritage Convention. 4. Sec. Contact with the reef will damage the delicate coral animals, and anchoring on the reef can kill corals, so look for sandy bottom or use moorings, if available. Vessels to be used for such operations shall of Philippine registry: Provided, That if foreign vessels are used, prior clearance or permit from appropriate government agencies shall obtained. Insights from Indonesia: Protecting Our Coral Reefs Tuna at a market in Kendari, Indonesia, a fishing-dependent city of three million people. Ordinary coral all kinds of coral other than precious and semi-precious corals. Over 80 percent of Philippine reefs are threatened by overfishing, although this figure is likely to be an underestimate because it only accounts for nearshore fishing pressures. b. CORAL consists of small anemone-like organisms belonging to Phylum coelenterata which secrete their own skeletons of various forms that may be hard, soft, stony or horny, and shall include the following: i. This Decree shall be called "THE CORAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND CONSERVATION DECREE.". Siquijor. Coral status information for Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago is limited. Today, Oceana Philippines is working with the country’s Biodiversity Management Bureau and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources to permanently protect the reef from all future fishing and resource extraction. Targets nonpoint source (CWA 319) funds to implement water quality improvement projects in … yr=d.getFullYear(); Divinagracia, "Extent and Degree of Coral Bleaching in Selected Reefs in Central Visayas, Philippines," thesis for the degree of Master of Science in Biology, Siliman University, Philippines (2000); Licuanan and Gomez, Philippine Coral Reefs, Reef Fishes, and Associated Fisheries, p. 16. Watch carefully and you’ll see order in the mix. Address: PCA Building, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. Effectivity This decree shall take effect upon its approval. The Philippines' Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, abbreviated as BFAR, is an agency of the Philippine government under It got a global boost when the famous case of Oposa vs Factoran came out in 1993. The colonial system promoted large agricultural properties and discarded small-scale agriculture, disrupting the livelihoods of native farmers (Corpuz, 1992; Kahl, 2006). The Philippines: The Bookmark, Inc. 276 p. ISBN# 971-569-395-4. Protecting coral reefs in the Philippines is a key balance between the locals needs and conservation. With 10,500 square miles of coral reef, the Philippines is a global center for marine biodiversity, which the country has struggled to protect in the … Best Scuba Diving Spots In The Philippines With Beautiful Coral Reefs #1. 7. 13. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State to promote and regulate the exploration, exploitation, utilization and conservation of coral resources, whether existing beneath territorial waters or in the marine economic zone of the Philippines, and to ensure the protection of these resources as provided for under other existing laws. The Tubbataha Natural Park also known as Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park (Filipino: Bahurang Tubbataha) is a protected area of the Philippines located in the middle of the Sulu Sea.The marine and bird sanctuary consists of two huge atolls (named the North Atoll and South Atoll) and the smaller Jessie Beazley Reef covering a total area of 97,030 hectares (239,800 acres; 374.6 sq mi). CLICK HERE FOR THE LATEST PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES & CODES, PROVIDING FOR THE EXPLORATION, EXPLOITATION, UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION OF CORAL RESOURCES. The Visayas have experienced the most significant decline in coral cover, exhibiting an average of only 11 percent hard coral cover. It began at Batangas, off Luzon, in June 1998 and then proceeded nearly clockwise around the Philippines, correlating with anomalous sea-surface temperatures. fisheries and aquatic resources. The high court has issued a writ of kalikasan for the government to "protect, preserve, rehabilitate and to restore the marine environment" at the … DENR et al., "International Coral Reef Initiative Country Report: Philippines," p. 8. Coral Reef Conservation Act of 2000 aims at creating awareness to help protect coral reefs. Rules and Regulations The Secretary of Natural Resources shall promulgate the rules and regulations to implement effectivity the provisions of this Decree. In it, the Philippine Supreme Court bravely and courageously gave standing to generations yet unborn - an argument from the creative legal mind of Atty. DONE in the City of Manila, this 14th day of October, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-seven. MALACAÑANG M a n i l a. Many laws and regulations concerning coral reefs already exist, including bans on cyanide fishing, blast fishing, and the collection or export of hard (Scleractinia) corals. Demersal fish stocks are biologically and economically overfished in almost all areas other than eastern Luzon, Palawan, and the southern Sulu Sea. Copyright @ 2014 All rights reserved- Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Mangrove protection and management strategies, all kinds of coral other than precious and semi-precious corals. coral reef area nationwide, the publication said annual potential yield from coral reef fish species is … White, A. The model’s mapping of areas at risk from blast fishing and fishing with poisons suggests that over 70 percent of Philippine reefs continue to be at risk from these practices. Licuanan and E.D. The 2014 Asian Development Bank publication "State of the Coral Triangle" said Philippine coral reefs host about 3,053 fish species. This biodiversity makes them a high priority for conservation.The brilliant corals of Sogod Bay, above, live in one of more than 400 marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Philippines.MPAs help to conserve biodiversity by preventing practices like coral harvesting and dynamite fishing. The Secretary of Natural Resources may issue special permit to any person or institution to gather in limited quantities any coral for scientific or educational purposes. Understand where coral reefs are so your boat doesn't strike them, even incidentally. CLICK HERE FOR THE LATEST PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES & CODES. The Philippines has prohibited fishing in Tubbataha, ... Tubbataha also boosts the Philippines’ coral-reef fisheries, which contribute up to 29 percent of the country’s total fisheries production. For the most part, though, these laws are not adequately enforced. Protecting a Natural Treasure. the Department of Agriculture responsible for the development, improvement, management and conservation of the Philippines' White, A. Notes: 1 . 10. Coral Cay Conservation's Southern Leyte Coral Reef Conservation Project in the Philippines would be my number one choice. Chou, "Status of Southeast Asian Coral Reefs," p. 84. The Philippine coral reef area, the second largest in Southeast Asia, is estimated at 26,000 square kilometers and holds an extraordinary diversity of species. Precious coral skeleton of anthozoan coelenterate characterized as having a rigid axis of compact calcareous or horny spicules, belonging to the genus corallium as represented by the red, pink and white corals. It is estimated at 26,000 square kilometers (sq km). 5. CNN's Andrew Stevens reports. Section 13. Sec. Destructive fishing techniques are thought to be the largest contributor to reef degradation in the Philippines. 2000. Fish data from W.Y. Section 10. Although it is known as a land of magic and witchcraft, Siquijor boasts its magical coral reefs where scuba divers and snorkelers go for best diving spots. 11. 3. The Inventory of the Coral Resources of the Philippines (ICRP) found only about 5 percent of reefs to be in excellent condition, with over 75 percent coral cover (both hard and soft). Licuanan and Gomez, Philippine Coral Reefs, Reef Fishes, and Associated Fisheries, (Cape Ferguson: Australian Institute of Marine Science, 2000), p. 16. The RRSEA model suggests that overfishing and destructive fishing are the most severe threats to coral reef health. As of 2006, only 5% of Philippine coral reefs are in excellent condition, while 32% are already severely damaged (Haribon, 2006). Under the ban, all extractive activities, such as fishing, and coral collection and harvesting, will be completely forbidden. 12. Take a reef-friendly approach to sun protection. 3. Sea bed cleanings, coral reef transplantations, coral nursery maintenances…, none of these activities could be a reality without scuba diver volunteers. Chou Loke Ming, "Status of Southeast Asian Coral Reefs," in C. Wilkinson, ed., Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 1998 (Cape Ferguson: Australian Institute of Marine Science, 1998), p. 83. In the late 1970s, the most extensive survey of coral reefs conducted in the Philippines showed widespread human impact on the reefs. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 2. The project is instilled in longevity, being operational since 2002, and as such, enables all those that join the project to be involved in an effective project that has generated real conservation solutions for local stakeholders and the coral reefs of Southern Leyte. PERSON includes a natural or juridical person. Sec. About 500 MPAs are currently listed in Philippine records, but many were never actually established and even fewer are effectively managed.] Comments Recommended For You Copyright © A large coastal population, rapid population growth of about 2.3 percent per year, high poverty rates, and fisher overcapacity have resulted in major overexploitation of Philippine reef fisheries. Coral reefs are vital to protecting coastlines and supporting marine life, "yet the Caribbean has lost 80% of its reefs due to a variety of issues," according to Wickrema. ... Songco also has the law on her side. Most reefs of northern Luzon, west Palawan, the Visayas, and parts of Mindanao were affected. Transitory Provisions All possessors of existing coral stocks gathered prior to the effectivity of this Decree are required to submit within one (1) month from the approval of said Decree to the Secretary of Natural Resources, a sworn statement indicating the quantity, kind, state (raw or processed) and location of such stock, subject to verification. Concession for precious coral shall be awarded by the Secretary of Natural Resources to the applicant, who on his own or in joint venture with others, possesses the technical and financial capability to put up a processing plant in the Philippines. Ordinary Coral The gathering, harvesting, collecting and/or exporting of ordinary coral is prohibited: Provided, however, That from time to time certain species in selected areas may be excluded from this prohibition upon recommendation and subject thereafter, to certain conditions that may be imposed by the Secretary of Natural Resources. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), "Fishery Country Profile: The Philippines," http://www.fao.org/fi/fcp/fcp.asp (September 20, 2001). g. CONCESSIONAIRE the person to whom a concession has been granted or awarded under the provision of this Decree. However, after Philippine independence in 1946, this Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems in the world. Reports indicate that many operations have shifted to more remote, pristine areas such as the Palawan group of islands, the Sulu Archipelago, parts of the Visayas, and western Mindanao. 15. 2-7. 6. WHEREAS, coral resources are known to exist beneath territorial waters and in the marine economic zone of the Philippines; Many laws and regulations concerning coral reefs already exist, including bans on cyanide fishing, blast fishing, and the collection or export of hard (Scleractinia) corals. Chou, "Status of Southeast Asian Coral Reefs," p. 84. When the various threats from human activities are combined, the model estimates that 98 percent of Philippine reefs are at risk from human activities, with 70 percent at high or very high risk. 5. EPA strategically applies its Clean Water Act (CWA) regulatory and non-regulatory programs to reduce land-based sources of pollution that degrade coastal waters and coral reefs that live in them. , allowing NOAA to predict coral bleaching events likewise, any person,... By the black corals 2014 Asian development Bank publication `` state of coral... Resources development and Conservation of coral reefs are so your boat does strike... Philippines is a key balance between the locals needs and Conservation practices the... And regulations inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree shall be called the! ’ ll see order in the Philippines would be my number one choice Report Philippines... 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