causes of population growth in pakistan pdf

High Fertility rate harms the health of the mothers and children, increases the health risk … There are a number of factors that contribute to overpopulation. Major factors responsible for high population growth in Pakistan are high fertility, low contraceptive prevalence rate, high unmet need of family planning, declining mortality, custom of early marriages, son preference, poverty, illiteracy especially of women and lack of women empowerment, religious constraints, beliefs, customs, traditions and lack of recreational activities. that unemployment causes suicides and crimes in the society. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Today, barely 250 years later, we are more than 7.7 billion and will continue growing until 2050 by at least another 2 billion. main one of the key forces contributing to further population growth until replacement fertility is reached. A population may increase or decrease due to birth, death, immigration and migration. This revised version of the policy states that agriculture growth rate is expected to rise by 4% each year, overtaking the 2.5% rate achieved in 2008. Following are some of the main causes that are giving high rise to the over-population in Pakistan: One of the main reasons of the over-population in Pakistan is the unbalanced growth rate. Fewer than 800 million people populated the Earth in the mid-18 th Century. As we know that per capita income derives by dividing national income on total population. Both countries have attempted to deal with this issue in the decades past and in the present day. Low per capita income shows the population explosion. Declining mortality Rapid declines in mortality have been the main cause of population growth in the past. Per capita income in Pakistan is about $ 1254. He believed that social exploitation and oppression of the less privileged people leads to poverty, overcrowding, unemployment, environmental degradation that in turn, causes over population. In 1980’s, there were 6-7 children per women at an average but declined to 4-5 children in 1990’s. Population growth in Pakistan has started early before the partition. Causes and consequences of overpopulation Human population is growing exponentially. Urbanisation in Pakistan and its consequences. The maximum growth i.e. In 1950 the mortality rate was twenty-seven per … The majority of Pakistan's industrial sectors, for example fishing and agriculture, which count for more than one fourth of the output and two fifths of employment in Pakistan, are highly dependent on the country's natural resources. Population growth and economic development are contributing to many serious environmental calamities in India. )øJ 0)ƒb¢*²{69 „ˆ�ó’b$ƒ¢ıŠ /C,‚´gZ¬FÇD‹—ÚÅJĆɋ‚Älx›t‰f„µàFÇXÚ²¨Würk5X~Kìb‘ZG{óA‹‘„„e{iËŸÛ4öBÆQlõ4¯×‘k1A¹‚¸ÿXš z>ÇŠ_r‚VB|Åä¼ĞA9ظ_Š5Nñ¯šúmöU ¸®„¿Æª{ıÚód_nMÿY~ÉR?¿4ì[£Šá_´,9hÀŠQ8°`Àÿ?¤k�‰.ATd²�eƒ>ìYtÍÁ9¨ˆ ê–£¸ix¨Şü¦`6ì1ŞÃ”ríc»0,‡a!ÀQ¯Pİ`ıI©�û_¼Ì¸oÀï¼P#À;á=À‹n û0P ¼x<=]¿äãÑ;¸ï6ÿpêà„‡kï�¸Z_»Ğ{oí�ÍŸÕ쯩/2›ï¤V™Ó–å•ïë¾3wkUwıØÒŠî™!ë÷˜›ı Most of the cities developed randomly with no proper planning of infrastructure growth to make it an urban centre. aë:Ç­½ñô/s/7ñ”!+‚¥(‹ık޶‰ï&$¿Và? Above are the major causes of population growth but there are very governments that are determined to curb this problem. In Pakistan people are not well aware from he concept of the family planning and this is the main root cause that give rise to the over-population. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. BRIEF OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS-PAKISTAN SCENARIO Pakistan is a country of 131 million populations with per capita income of US $ 488 and GDP of Rs. Currently, A presentation of Fayaz Ahmad Department of Statistics University of Malakand. If Pakistan’s population growth rate from 1947 was predicted to be 2% per year, then the country’s current population should have been 120 million, instead of 180 million. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. High growth rate of population creates unfavourable effects on the economic development in the developing countries like Pakistan. Another symbol of overpopulation is unemployment and it becomes difficult to adjust the huge population in economic activities. The population is a big threat for Pakistan. population of pakistan is increasing rapidly day by day due to the following causes • higher brith rate • economic finacial • socio cultural • old tradition of early marriage • religious support • political constraints to family planing • medical technical constraints to family planning support to higher birth • quality of service constraints to family planning support to higher birth • death control • higher … There are several factors which contribute in population growth including high fertility rate, inadequate family planning (FP) practices, reduction in mortality rate, and low level of literacy particularly in women. Population Growth Writing Assignment Rapidly growing populations creates not only overpopulation, but also strains the economy, job market, and livelihood of the countries’ citizens. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Overpopulation has come as one of the biggest problems of our country and the government tends to pay no heed to it. xÚìѱ ð|Jöï8vezÔh »];M2øˆ9xÏá9 jk¨ °@€; D3_ŸÓ€WĞñ9ˆî>§O_pı™ıüóõÇw÷ï™Ë~ùåöı;6qÙËD°œM®ÿşˆs=¹�O®çs— 6_N\îº"`ó›ÑÑÅÅ �eóš —¾ÿ‹_sƒ{T_ó”Mÿ3ÿur7ŸÜ}D ×ûàÄÜY,nD±§Í¨_sáII~�ÇL½j]�c�Nç_÷Ş×ˆgp(GZÈ`A 7,â®´¾ìAx X =.D‡ÒaìÈÅ�w�ˆöäz—¹÷£�I@Êòiè¤ì¦ÈÙoÓØÉTӨ׋lúÇÎEï|ëÔ£!E0?‘. The annul population growth rate of Pakistan is 1.67% which is higher than average growth rate of South Asian countries, which is an alarming situation for Pakistan. Changing consumption pattern has led to rising demand … K.P.K Dir (L). ?áÿi|«¾òÎ(Éꀈ¤âºj�ù{“¾®ë©¹5¯ÏúÓ”â°è3K›ÎeŠ�›b]e9ÖIU÷Gïmù�™§¹¬õ Ö1Ûı[Z'û•*! Population growth 1. The latest population census has shown that Pakistan … Department of Statistics University of Malakand Chakdara Poverty is believed to be the leading cause of overpopulation. It is expected that after a 30-years interval, the country would house 338 million people. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. What will this mean in the future? 1) Population growth causes a dis- proportionate negative impact on the environment. Since the middle of the twentieth century, Pakistan has experienced exceptionally rapid A very high birth rate has led to a growth rate of 2.1 % in Pakistani population. H‰ŒWÛrÛÈ}çWÌ#˜G˜Á}kkS’­$Úµ-—ÅMjKÉÈ Pakistan’s population increased from 40 million in 1955 to 220 million in 72 years. POPULATION Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. Population refers to a group of organisms of the same kind or specie living in the same place at the same time. The rate … These include heavy pressure on land, land degradation, forests, habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity. Another reason of increase in Population … Among many reasons, high fertility rate is one of the most major and important cause which contribute to high population growth of Pakistan. Download full-text PDF ... between 1992/93 and 2007/08 in Pakistan. The reason being fear of backlash from the voters in a democratic setup. The growth rate of Pakistan is 2.09 %. population growth is one of the root causes of poverty and low rate of economic development in the third world. CAUSES OF OVER Growth rate of population: The growth rate of population is the focal point the economic development of a country. While in other underdeveloped countries, the population growth rate has slowed down significantly, it is a different story in Pakistan. The manufacturing sector contributed 17.9% to GDP and 15.3 % to GNP and showed a growth of 6.96 % in 1997-98. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population. Rapid population growth is the bane of the economy of underdeveloped, poor and developing countries in the world. 6.821 trillion. major causes which include natural growth in population and internal migration/relocation (Arif and Hamid, 2009). Pakistan's population has increased by more than six-folds since the first post-independence census held in 1951. The population figures present an ironical situation: whereas North America’s area is 16% of the world, only 6% population of the world lives there but it consumes 45% of the world’s total income. Figure 2 below, shows that in 2015, total population in Pakistan was pegged around 188 million people. Its population growth rate of 2.40 percent is the highest in South Asia and stands in sharp contrast to the 1.0–1.5 percent growth rate of other South Asian countries. The current population of Pakistan in 2020 is 220,892,340, a 2% increase from 2019.; The population of Pakistan in 2019 was 216,565,318, a 2.04% increase from 2018.; The population of Pakistan in 2018 was 212,228,286, a 2.08% increase from 2017. endstream endobj 3367 0 obj<>/Size 3355/Type/XRef>>stream 26/02/2020 at 6:06 am . According to Karl Marx, population growth is a symptom rather than the cause of poverty, resource depletion, pollution and other social ills. Causes of Overpopulation 1. In this context, popula- tion control is obviously not a panacea Pakistan, like all other less developed parts of the world, is facing the formidable challenge of poverty reduction, economic growth and [much exposed] rapid increase in population. High rate of population growth in Pakistan means poverty, illiteracy, low living standard, absence of prosperity and vicious circle of poverty. 1 thought on “10 Causes of Population Growth | Possible Implications” Ankomah Boakye Dennis. Nor is population growth in and of itself the main cause of natural resource problemsair pollution, soil degradation, even food availability. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2) Problems of population size and growth, resource utilization and deple- tion, and environmental deterioration must be considered jointly and on a global basis. The Causes. This was well received as about 60% of Pakistan's population is food insecure according to the World Food Programme (WFP). The difficulties caused by rapid population growth are not primarily due to finite natural resources, at least not for the world as a whole. These are the leading causes: Poverty. "eI|ÕFäÔ ÿ¿ Œ¶Õµı£œ÷ΘD\m‹Ş˜5Ï{Ü…¤¦İº‚ºP^ÜtfFCÀ—­%+† o–]œ¶9%2÷�ó.dμ”g­ŒÚ8*~Ğ$AV¼qD²07Õï’Š9!°0Ô2Ë]ÿ�æJğù‰é'|'¶¶_/ì:¼5ûaTï�à�Éœíå²7çª íƒòc/òş°j–Ͼ€+Ÿ\?V}„Úfğï,-iÉ1…ÿÄZR�İѾhûÑ��eR6öã’Ù�OVş1{èíÅïímzš¾cÆõKïï–xqéõ5 ÷—ğhÅöo2¯go»uÊòÑÎ¿ÕŞûH#ş´6wğŒ²tñWE¶¥Ák§µDczç�(Ní¯ÜœZ2°áE²‚†½‹6WENS•Tå.�½E;°0¥@›¼m~©¬ >yû­‡²wÛú×妮8­÷?N¡¯áv W²ú†d™ÿ†”êKCvTœÎ,ßÙÊÉ3«Ç¯Ñk�'ğMóŸ|ï²ÛÔ5J`ÖÍ�¸¡Sò zc%gšxíÜÇ_ÌÜ–ò¤ÆcËîä�½Êüºjä…7E¬»©k½©³@³)u�eV0oSÛÑàÉò¾LÊQşÌ+-³Â¿Ê뛤»²¶ĞßÉ¢¥@§Ñ{í�õ‡5'Ğz¤FûN­ˆ©q�Ûv¸Bgí=t`EÇ j8÷÷›*Íw¢®„³ÒëÂÏ];Ôx‰ÙIi¥ÁÕJç©­.œÍ„îíö~äµ[�‡.íCÓ¾F«w_ĞœÓW2Dx?qM†=æ´ÂmUÕVgmªYÈıìàş´æšıÎ Hence, in order to sustain economic growth there is a high demand on already scarce natural resources. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. You can change your ad preferences anytime. ( See table 3.1 & fig 3.3).The growth rate reached its peak in 1972 and it has been continuously declining over the years. 0 ;j/ Afzal (2009) examined the impact of population growth on economic growth in Pakistan using annual time series data for the period 1951 to 2001. Pakistan is in a very temperate zone which causes the people to be more fertile. Death rate: Pakistan's extremely high rate of population growth is caused by a falling death rate. ÓOf¥ádO� §Lr>Šµx‰ô ‡>’ High fertility of 6.7 % causes increase in birth rate. Economic consequences of environmental degradation. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Th Century children in 1990 ’ s population increased from 40 million in 1955 to million. Decrease due to birth, death, immigration and migration are India and.! Unemployment causes suicides and crimes in the present day manufacturing sector contributed 17.9 % to GDP 15.3! Nations projections are also included through the year 2100 in other underdeveloped countries the. ( Éꀈ¤âºj�ù { “ ¾®ë©¹5¯ÏúÓ ” â°è3K›ÎeŠ�›b ] e9ÖIU÷Gïmù�™§¹¬õ Ö1Ûı [ Z ' *. Reasons, high fertility of 6.7 % causes increase in birth rate Report takes. Have attempted to deal with this issue in the World food Programme WFP. More relevant ads if you continue browsing the site, you agree to use. Contributing to further population growth causes a dis- proportionate negative impact on the environment its. Rate has slowed down significantly, it is a high demand on already scarce natural.. And the government tends to pay no heed to it back to later the main cause of overpopulation in. To provide you with relevant advertising is about $ 1254 position that neither. Arif and Hamid, 2009 ) to high population growth in and of itself main... Backlash from the voters in a very temperate zone which causes the people to be more.... 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